GOST 31688-2012 Canned milk. Milk and condensed cream with sugar. Specifications (with Change No. 1, as amended)

Interstate standard GOST 31688-2012 Canned milk. Milk and condensed cream with sugar. Specifications (with Change No. 1, as amended)

GOST 31688-2012



INTERSTATE STANDARD

Canned milk

MILK AND CONDENSED CREAM WITH SUGAR

Specifications

Canned milk. Sweetened condensed Milk and cream
Specifications



ISS 67.100.10

Date of introduction 2013-07-01


Preface

Goals, basic principles and main procedure of works on interstate standardization have been established in GOST 1.0-92 “interstate standardization system. Basic provisions” and GOST 1.2-2009 “interstate standardization system. Interstate standards, rules and recommendations on interstate standardization. Rules of development, adoption, application, renewal and cancellation”

Data on standard

1 PREPARED by Open joint stock company “all-Russian research Institute of certification” (JSC “VNIIS”)

2 as AMENDED by the Federal Agency for technical regulation and Metrology

3 ACCEPTED by the Interstate Council for standardization, Metrology and certification (minutes of 15 November 2012 No. 42)

The adoption voted:

Short name of the country on MK (ISO 3166) 004-97

Country code MK (ISO 3166) 004-97

Abbreviated name of the national authority for standardization

Azerbaijan

AZ

Azstandart

Belarus

BY

Gosstandart Of The Republic Of Belarus

Kyrgyzstan

KG

Kyrgyzstandard

Russian Federation

EN

Rosstandart

Tajikistan

TJ

Tajikstandart

Uzbekistan

UZ

Uzstandard

4 by Order of the Federal Agency for technical regulation and Metrology dated November 29, 2012 No. 1524-St inter-state standard GOST 31688-2012 introduced as a national standard of the Russian Federation from July 1, 2013

5 this standard has been prepared on the basis of application of GOST R 53436-2009

6 INTRODUCED FOR THE FIRST TIME

Information about introduction in action (termination) of this standard is published published monthly information index “National standards”.

Information about the changes to this standard is published in the annually issued reference index “National standards”, and the text changes and amendments – in monthly indexes published information “National standards”. In case of revision or cancellation of this standard the appropriate information will be published in a monthly information index “National standards”


The Change N 1, approved and promulgated by the Order of Rosstandart on 16.11.2015 N 1817-St G. c 01.05.2016

AMENDED, published in the IUS N 11, 2016.

 

1 Scope

This standard applies to milk and condensed cream with sugar (hereinafter – the product) obtained by partial removal of water from skim or normalized, or whole cow’s milk or cream, sugar canning, intended for direct consumption and for industrial processing.

Requirements, ensuring the safety of the product, as set out in 5.1.4, 5.1.5, the quality requirements in 5.1.2, 5.1.3, labelling requirements in 5.3.

2 Normative references

This standard uses the regulatory references to the following standards:

GOST 8.579-2002 State system for ensuring the uniformity of measurements. Requirements for the quantity of packaged goods in packages of any kind in their production, packaging, sale and import

GOST 21-94 Sugar. Specifications

GOST 2493-75 Reagents. Potassium phosphate disodium 3-water. Specifications

GOST 2874-82* drinking Water. Hygienic requirements and quality control

________________

* On the territory of the Russian Federation GOST R 51232-98 “drinking Water. General requirements to organization and methods of quality control.

GOST 3623-2015 Milk and dairy products. Methods for determination of pasteurization

GOST 4172-76 Reagents. Sodium phosphoric acid disodium 12-water. Specifications

GOST 5538-78 Reagents. Potassium citrate 1 water. Specifications

GOST 9337-79 Reagents. Sodium phosphoric acid 12 water. Specifications

GOST 14192-96 Marking of cargo

GOST 15846-2002 Products that are sent to the far North regions and equated areas. Packing, marking, transportation and storage

GOST 22280-76 Reagents. Sodium citrate 5,5-water. Specifications

GOST 23285-78 transportation Packages for food products and glass containers. Specifications

GOST 23452-79 Milk and dairy products. Methods of determination of residual quantities of organochlorine pesticides

GOST 25776-83 Products are boxed and in consumer packaging. Group packaging in shrink film

GOST 26663-85 transport Packs. Formation with the use of packaging. General technical requirements

GOST 26809.1-2014 Milk and dairy products. Rules of acceptance, methods of sampling and preparation of samples for analysis. Part 1. Milk, dairy, dairy composite and milk-containing products

GOST 26927-86 Raw materials and food products. Methods for determination of mercury

GOST 26929-94 Raw materials and food products. Sample preparation. Mineralization to determine the content of toxic elements

GOST 26930-86 Raw materials and food products. Method for the determination of arsenic

GOST 26932-86 Raw materials and food products. Methods for determination of lead

GOST 26933-86 Raw materials and food products. Methods for determination of cadmium

GOST 26935-86 food-canned. Method for determination of tin

GOST 27709-88 Canned condensed dairy. Method of measurement of viscosity

GOST 29245-91 Canned milk. Methods of determination of physical and organoleptic characteristics

GOST 29247-91 Canned milk. Methods of fat determination

GOST 29248-91 Canned milk. Iodometric method for determination of sugars

GOST 30178-96 Raw materials and food products. Atomic absorption method for the determination of toxic elements

GOST 30305.1-95 Canned condensed dairy. Techniques of performance of measurements of mass fraction of moisture

GOST 30305.2-95 Canned milk condensed and dry milk products. Technique of execution of measurements of mass fraction of sucrose (polarimetric method)

GOST 30305.3-95 Canned milk condensed and dry milk products. Titrimetric methods of measurement of acidity

GOST 30538-97 food. Method of determination of toxic elements by atomic-emission

GOST 30648.2-99 milk and milk Products for baby food. Methods for determining total protein

GOST 30711-2001 food. Methods for detection and determination of aflatoxins B1 and M1

GOST 31227-2013 food Supplements. Sodium citrates E331. General specifications

GOST 31449-2013 cow Milk raw. Specifications

GOST 31658-2012 skimmed Milk – raw material. Specifications

GOST 31659-2012 (ISO 6579:2002) food Products. Method of detecting bacteria of the genus Salmonella

GOST 31687-2012 food Supplements. Potassium phosphates Е340. General specifications

GOST 31725-2012 food Supplements. Sodium phosphates Е339. General specifications

GOST 31895-2012 white Sugar. Specifications

GOST 32161-2013 food. The method of determining the content of cesium Cs-137

GOST 32163-2013 food. Method of determination of strontium Sr-90

GOST 32164-2013 food. Sampling method for determination of strontium Sr-90 and cesium Cs-137

GOST 32901-2014 Milk and dairy products. Methods of microbiological analysis

GOST 32922-2014 pasteurized cow Milk – raw material. Specifications

GOST 33504-2015 food Supplements. Dihydroquercetin. Specifications

GOST 33567-2015 milk Sugar. Specifications

Note – When using this standard appropriate to test the effect of reference standards in the information system of General use – on the official website of the Federal Agency for technical regulation and Metrology on the Internet or in the annual information index “National standards” published as on January 1 of the current year, and the editions of the monthly information index “National standards” for the current year. If the reference standard is replaced (amended), then the use of this standard should be guided by replacing (amended) standard. If the reference standard is cancelled without replacement, then the situation in which the given link applies to the extent that does not affect this link.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

3 Terms and definitions

This standard applies the terms established [1]-[5] and other normative acts of the States that have adopted the standard applicable in terms of marking, quality and safety of milk and dairy products.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

4 Classification

Product depending on the mass fraction of fat divided:

on skimmed condensed milk with sugar;

– partly skimmed condensed milk with sugar;

– sweetened whole condensed milk with sugar;

– sweetened condensed cream with sugar.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

5 Technical requirements

5.1 Key indicators and characteristics

5.1.1 the Product manufacture in accordance with the requirements of this standard technological instructions, compliance with the requirements of sanitary rules and norms and hygienic standards, technical regulations or normative legal acts acting on the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

5.1.2 the Product organoleptic characteristics must meet the requirements specified in table 1.

Table 1

Name of the indicator

Feature

Taste and smell

The taste is sweet with pronounced taste and smell of pasteurized milk (for milk condensed with sugar, milk, partially skimmed sweetened condensed milk and skimmed sweetened condensed) or cream (for cream condensed cream with sugar) without foreign tastes and odors.

Allowed for skimmed milk condensed with sugar is not enough distinct taste of milk.

Presence of light weedy taste

Appearance and consistency

A homogenous, viscous throughout the mass without a perceptible organoleptically crystals of milk sugar (lactose).

Mealy texture and slight lactose sediment at the bottom of the packaging

when storing

Color

Uniform throughout the mass.

For milk condensed with sugar, partly skimmed condensed milk with sugar condensed cream with sugar – white with a cream shade.

For skimmed milk condensed with sugar – from white to white with a slightly bluish tint


(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

5.1.3 physical-chemical parameters the product must conform to the standards specified in table 2.

Table 2

Name of the indicator

The norm for

skimmed condensed milk with sugar

partly skimmed milk sweetened condensed

sweetened whole condensed milk with sugar

condensed cream with sugar

Mass fraction of moisture, %, not more

30,0

28,5

26,5

26,0

Mass fraction of sucrose, %

From of 44.0 to 46.0 incl.

From a 43.5 to 46.0 incl.

From a 43.5 to 45.5 incl.

From 37,0 to 39.0 incl.

Mass fraction of dry milk solids, %, not less

26,0

26,0

28,5

37,0

Mass fraction of fat, %

Not more than 1.0

From more than 1
to less than 8.5

Not less than 8.5

Not less than 19,0

Mass fraction of protein in dry skim milk residue, %, not less

34,0

Acidity, °T (% lactic acid), not more

60 (0,540)

55 (0,495)

48 (0,432)

40 (0,360)

Viscosity, PA·s

From 3 to 15 incl.

Group of purity, not less

I

The allowable size of the crystals of milk sugar, mkm, not more

15

Note – the Specific values of the mass fraction of fat milk is partly skimmed sweetened condensed within the specified limits set by the manufacturer in technological instructions of the manufacturer, the actual content of the mass fraction of fat must be at least installed.


(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

5.1.4 acid phosphatase in pasteurized milk intended for the production of a product is not allowed.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

5.1.5 In terms of safety (the content of potentially hazardous substances and micro-organisms) the product must conform to [1], [4], as well as the established sanitary rules and norms, hygienic standards, technical regulations or normative legal acts acting on the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

5.1.6 Contents of antioxidants and stabilizers in the product shall not exceed the permissible levels established [5] or the legislative and regulatory legal acts of States that have adopted a standard consistent with the requirements of [5].

(Added, Rev. N 1).

5.2 Requirements for raw materials

5.2.1 Raw materials used to manufacture the product must meet the requirements set [1], [4], [5] or legislative and regulatory legal acts of States that have adopted a standard consistent with the requirements [1], [4], [5].

5.2.2 For the manufacture of the product using the following raw materials:

– the raw cow milk according to GOST 31449 acidity of 16°T 20°T, normative and technical documents in cow milk, in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

cow’s milk is pasteurized – raw materials according to GOST 32922, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– skimmed milk – raw materials according to GOST 31658, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– condensed milk – raw materials on the normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

cream – the raw material without coarse taste and odor according to normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– sugar according to GOST 21 chromaticity of 0.8 unit and a mass fraction of reducing substances (in terms of dry substance) not more than 0,050%, and the normative technical documents in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– a white crystalline sugar according to GOST 31895, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– milk sugar edible crystalline GOST 33567, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

antioxidants (used in the manufacture of partially skimmed milk condensed with sugar, sweetened whole condensed milk with sugar condensed cream with sugar):

– ascorbic acid (E300) according to normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– sodium ascorbate (Е301) according to normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– potassium ascorbate (Е303) according to normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– dihydroquercetin according to GOST 33504 with a mass fraction of pure dihydroquercetin in dry matter not less than 90%, the normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– stabilizers:

– sodium of disodium phosphate 12-water (Е339) at 4172 GOST, GOST 31725, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– sodium citrate 5,5-water (E331) according to GOST 22280, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– potassium phosphate disodium 3-water (Е340) 2493 according to GOST, GOST 31687, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– potassium citrate 1-water (Е332) according to GOST 5538, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– drinking water according to GOST 2874, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

5.2.1, 5.2.2 (Revised edition, Edit. N 1).

5.2.3 (Deleted, Rev. N 1).

5.2.4 allowed the use of similar raw materials of domestic and import production, which is not inferior in quality characteristics the requirements listed in 5.2.1 and 5.2.2.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

5.3 Marking

5.3.1 Labelling of consumer and transport packaging in which product is directly placed, is carried out in accordance with [2], [4] or by the technical regulations, legislative and regulatory legal acts applicable in the territory of States that have adopted a standard consistent with the requirements of [2], [4].

In the product name indicate the particular value of the mass fraction of fat (in percent).

5.3.2 Marking group, or reusable transport packaging, transport package, in accordance with [2], [4] with the application of warning labels or manipulation signs: “Protect from sunlight”, “Outside temperature”, “Protect from moisture” according to GOST 14192, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

5.3.1, 5.3.2 (Revised edition, Edit. N 1).

5.3.3 data point in Russian and state languages functioning on the territory of a state which has accepted the standard.

5.3.4 Product that is sent to the far North regions and equated areas, labeled according to GOST 15846.

5.4 Packaging

5.4.1 Packaging materials, consumer and transport packaging, used for packaging product shall meet the requirements [3] or regulations in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard, not inconsistent with [3], and must ensure the safety quality and product safety when transporting, storing and implementation.

5.4.2 Product is Packed in consumer packaging with subsequent packing into the transport container or directly into the transport package.

5.4.1, 5.4.2 (Revised edition, Edit. N 1).

5.4.3 the Formation of group packing is carried out in accordance with GOST 25776.

5.4.4 Transport packets formed according to GOST 23285 and GOST 26663.

5.4.5 Stacking of the transport package is carried out so that the markings are visible for at least one unit of group package and/or transport packaging with each side of the transport package.

Stacking of the transport package is carried out in a manner ensuring the safety of the lower ranks of the group packing and/or transport packaging, without deformation.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

5.4.6 Product that is sent to the far North regions and equated areas, Packed according to GOST 15846.

5.4.7 the maximum permissible negative deviation of the net mass of the product in a packaging unit from nominal – according to GOST 8.579, normative and technical documents operating in the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

6 acceptance Rules

6.1 Rules of acceptance GOST 26809.1.

6.2 To verify that this product meet the requirements of this standard carry out acceptance in accordance with GOST 26809.1 and periodic testing.

6.1, 6.2 (Revised edition, Edit. N 1).

6.3 acceptance tests carried out by sampling for each batch of product for compliance with the requirements of this standard: the quality packaging, correct marking, the net weight of the product, organoleptic and physico-chemical indicators.

6.4 Periodic testing carried out according to the security parameters (the content of toxic elements, mycotoxins, antibiotics, pesticides, radionuclides, microbiological indices, the presence of acid phosphatase in pasteurized mix, intended for the production of the product) in accordance with the production control program.

Dioxins, melamine, genetically modified organisms determined in case of reasonable assumptions about their possible presence.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

7 control Methods

7.1 Selection and preparation of samples for analysis – according to GOST 26809.1, GOST 26929, 32164 GOST, GOST 32901.

The selection and preparation of samples for analysis, determination of organoleptic, physico-chemical and microbiological parameters, the determination of the safety performance of the product is carried out in relation to the condensed dairy canned food.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

7.2 the Quality of packing and correct marking, determine the net weight, organoleptic characteristics according to GOST 29245.

7.3 determination of the mass fraction of fat – according to GOST 29247.

7.4 determination of the mass fraction of moisture – according to GOST 30305.1.

7.5 Mass percent of dry milk solids HSMA , %, is calculated by the formula

Hsmo=100-W-Hsah, (1)

where 100 is the mass fraction of the constituent parts of the product (dry milk residue, moisture, non-dairy components), %;

W – mass fraction of moisture in the product, %;

Hsah – mass fraction of sucrose in the product, %.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

7.6 determination of the mass fraction of sucrose – 29248 according to GOST, GOST 30305.2.

7.7 determination of the viscosity – according to GOST 27709.

7.8 the group Definition of purity according to GOST 29245.

For partially skimmed condensed milk with sugar, the sample mass of 100.0 g. is

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

7.9 Determination of acidity – according to GOST 30305.3.

Determination of the percentage of lactic acid is carried out by calculation: 1 °T corresponds to 0,009% of lactic acid.

7.10 Mass fraction of protein in dry skim milk residue HB, %, is calculated by the formula

(2)

where the Bloody mass fraction of total protein in the product, %;

Hamo – mass fraction dry skim milk solids in the product (milk protein, milk sugar, enzymes, vitamins, minerals), %;

100 – conversion factor.

Determination of the mass fraction of total protein in the product according to GOST 30648.2 in relation to dairy products for baby food. The value of the conversion factor the mass fraction of nitrogen to mass fraction of total protein is of 6.38.

Mass fraction dry skim milk solids Hamo, %, is calculated by the formula

 (3)

where Xq – fat content in product, %.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

7.11 determination of the presence of acid phosphatase in pasteurized milk intended for the production of the product – according to GOST 3623.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

7.12 fraction of total Mass of antioxidants and stabilizers are determined by calculation (until the development of normative documents on new methods to control the content of antioxidants and stabilizers).

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

7.13 Determination of toxic elements:

– lead – GOST 26932 and GOST 30178, GOST 30538;

– arsenic – GOST 26930 and GOST 30538;

– cadmium – GOST 26933, GOST 30178, GOST 30538;

– mercury – GOST 26927;

– tin (for tin products in team packaging) – according to GOST 26935, GOST 30538;

– chrome (for chrome in product packaging) – for instruments in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

7.14 the Definition of pesticides – according to GOST 23452.

7.15 Determination of antibiotics – according to the documents valid on the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

7.16 Determination of mycotoxins – GOST 30711.

7.17 Determination of radionuclides – 32161 according to GOST, GOST 32163 and documents valid on the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

7.18 the Definition of microbiological parameters:

– quantity of mesophilic aerobic and facultative anaerobic microorganisms GOST 32901, documents valid on the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– bacteria of group of intestinal sticks – GOST 32901, documents valid on the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– bacteria of the genus Salmonella – according to GOST 31659, instruments in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

7.19 Determination of genetically modified organisms – according to the documents in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

7.17-7.19 (Revised edition, Edit. N 1).

7.20 determining the size of crystals of milk sugar – according to GOST 29245.

7.21 Determination of dioxin – according to the documents in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

7.22 Determination of melamine on the documents valid on the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

7.23 Evaluation of authenticity and detection of adulteration of the product in the case of using non-dairy raw materials and preservatives (in case of reasonable supposition of their presence) is carried out by instruments in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

7.24 Control the product compliance with the requirements specified in section 5, can be carried out in other regulatory documents in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

7.20-7.24 (Introduced later, Rev. N 1).

8 Transportation and storage

8.1 Product transporterowych vehicles in accordance with the rules of cargo transportation applicable to transportation of a specific kind.

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1), (Amendment. ICS N 11-2016).

8.2 expiration Dates and storage conditions of the product set by the manufacturer.

8.3 Transportation and storage of the product to be sent to the far North regions and equated areas according to GOST 15846.

Bibliography

[1]

Technical regulations of the Customs Union TR TC 021/2011 “On food safety”

[2]

Technical regulations of the Customs Union TR CU 022/2011 “Food products regarding its marking”

[3]

Technical regulations of the Customs Union TR CU 005/2011 “On safety of packaging”

[4]

Technical regulations of the Customs Union TR CU 033/2013 “On safety of milk and dairy products”

[5]

Technical regulations of the Customs Union TR CU 029/2012 “safety Requirements for food additives, flavorings and technological AIDS”

(Changed edition, Rev. N 1).

 

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