The technology of processing and recycling of waste eco-friendly method using microorganisms.
The technology of processing and disposal of waste using microbial cultures of microorganisms can clean the water and soil and dispose of organic substances of aliphatic, carbocyclic and heterocyclic series and their mixtures of arbitrary composition (oil and oil products, alcohols, aldehydes, including formaldehyde, ketones, carboxylic acids, carbohydrates, benzene, toluene, nitro compounds, phenols, Cresols, compounds of furan, of thiophene, Piran, etc.), and heavy metals.
The technology of processing and disposal of waste using microbial cultures of microorganisms can clean the water and soil and dispose of organic substances of aliphatic, carbocyclic and heterocyclic series and their mixtures of arbitrary composition, as well as heavy metals. That is, cleaned of water and soils from all types of monomers of organic substances of technogenic and biogenic origin. In the surface enumeration is: oil and oil products, alcohols, aldehydes, including formaldehyde, ketones, carboxylic acids, carbohydrates, benzene, toluene, nitro compounds, phenols, Cresols, compounds of furan, of thiophene, Piran and others.
Processing technology and waste management also allows you to dispose of any organic waste, including trudnoporoshkuemye, plastic and plexiglass, in a controlled manner.
Isolated microorganisms that “eat” heavy metals – sulphate of copper, strontium, zinc and others.
Technology of processing and disposal of waste are applicable in different geographical and climatic conditions:
– Polar zone (Arctic desert zone);
Tundra (subarctic) zone;
– Taiga zone;
– The zone of mixed forests;
Area of broad-leaved forests;
– The zone of the meadow steppes, forest-steppes and meadow-grass and mixed grass steppes;
– A zone of dry steppes and semi-deserts of the temperate zone;
The desert zone;
– Zone of the mountainous regions.
The recycling process can be carried out in different soil types (black soil, sand, gravel, crushed stone, clay, peat, soil, construction waste, waste piles, slag and other solid or viscous education, etc.), as well as in the water (clean water can be, both fresh and salted, with the content of dissolved salts of alkali and alkaline earth salts up to 350 kg per 1m3, the content of dissolved salts of heavy metals up to 200 kg per 1 m3).
The cleaning process uses indigenous microorganisms (microorganisms living in contaminated soil and water, to be cleaned), from which by means of breeding isolated the active component. Aboriginal any boundaries coincide with the boundary of the habitat types of microorganisms. The use of native species provides the ecological purity of the method. As it eliminates the introduction of alien species alien to the area. Excluded forms, obtained with the use of mutagens and genetic engineering techniques. Provided the conditions under which the native microflora living in the territory, disposes of substances – contaminants with the subsequent return of the microflora to background levels according to their species composition and abundance. If necessary, also restored the vegetation and fauna of the cleaned areas.
The recycling process can take place without the accumulation of biomass in the clean zone, and stacked. In the latter case, the biomass is subjected to primary disintegration of the nutrient broth can be grown microorganisms – producers of valuable biotechnological products, i.e., inaccessible or unavailable to most forms of life potential of substances is transferred to obshespamy form.
Cleaning and processing is carried out when the content of pollutants in 10-6 m3 to 400 kg, with acidity of pH4 – pH9, at temperatures of 0 – 50 ° C, including processing at low temperatures, in underground conditions, with a deficit of moisture with low oxygen content, when the content of different optical isomers in different geographic and climatic regions.
The technology of processing and disposal of waste meets the following requirements:
– environmentally safe;
– does not contain pathogenic microflora.
1. First, samples are taken from soil contaminated area or sample of contaminated water.
2. Stand out bacteria waste.
3. With the help of technology are amplified and stand out the strongest bacteria-waste.
4. Bred bacteria are introduced on contaminated area or pond, where you start the process of recycling.
The work of bacteria, and thus the decomposition and disposal of this material can be set by changing the environment parameters: temperature, concentration of components, the oxygen content and so on.
The timing of recycling and recovery up to 60-70 days.