The plant growth regulators to increase yields and protect from the cold, heat, drought, disease and pests.
The plant growth regulators – the elicitors – a bioregulators growth and rooting of plants. They were designed not so much to increase yield, how to protect plants from the cold, heat, drought, disease and pests. A chemical compound in response to which plants induce a protective response. That is, the elicitors recognized by plants and the launching of the signal system, leading to the expression of different defense-related genes and enhance resistance of plants to biotic and abiotic stresses (heat, cold, diseases and pests, etc.).
Regulators of growth of plants – the elicitors: Emistim-R, 1/3 Ecost and Ecost 1ГФ is bioregulators growth and rooting of plants. They were designed not so much to increase yield, how to protect plants from the cold, heat, drought, disease and pests.
Currently, the term “elicitors” most often refers to chemical compounds (exogenous or endogenous to the plants, biotic or abiotic, and complex or completely with a specific molecular structure), in response to which plants induce a protective response. That is, the elicitors recognized by plants and the launching of the signal system, leading to the expression of different defense-related genes and enhance resistance of plants to biotic and abiotic stresses.
It is known that under normal conditions plants up to 80% of their energy have to spend to fight with unfavorable conditions. And with a strong root system the plant gets the opportunity to eat properly and therefore grow bigger in size. In metabolism of plants with the environment , the focus is on the roots and leaves, and from the size and consistency of these bodies depends on the yield.
Growth regulators plant elicitors: Emistim-R, 1/3 Ecost and Ecost 1ГФ contain substances that attract and stimulate soil microflora to the formation of symbiotic rhizosphere, which plays a huge role in the nutrition of plants. Beneficial micro-organisms in the chain recycle nutrients from the soil, converting them into digestible form and supplying them to the plant in the required quantity.
Drugs included in the list of drugs permitted in Russia for use in private farms.
the plant growth regulators – the elicitors environmentally safe. Immunization is not based on the suppression of phytopathogens, as is the case when using fungicides, and the induction of natural mechanisms of resilience. Safe and the tissues themselves immunized plants;
– extremely small concentrations of working solutions of elicitors;
– consistency and duration of immunization: the proper use of elicitor after treatment before sowing (planting) seeds or tubers that grew out of them vegetating plants, and even the tubers of the new crop throughout the storage period retain the acquired qualities;
– non-specificity of immunization, which protects plants from the complex of diseases caused by fungal, bacterial and viral pathogens, and nematodes;
– immunization is based on the activation of many protective reactions (multicomponental protection), i.e. it is polygenic in nature and therefore unlikely adapt to pathogens;
– protective response in immunized plants occur only in case of their infection, meaning there and then, where and when you need it. Immunized but not infected plant tissues do not contain any of phytoalexins or inhibitors of proteases or other toxic substances, however, in response to the infection of all these protective substances are formed faster and more intense;
immunization stimulates the growth of plants, some of elicitors suppress apical dominance, resulting in one of the plant grows a large number of shoots;
– immunization stimulates the processes of wound reparation plants, which are faster and more intense heal mechanical injuries, they close the path of infection that is extremely significant because mechanized processing plant is inevitably accompanied by mechanical wounding;
– vaccination reduces the reproduction rate of parasites and therefore, immunized the crops (planting) are obstacles to the spread of infection;
– universal susceptible plants that carry the genetic potential of resistance and, therefore, may be immunized (although not equally).
The plant growth regulator eliciting actions “of Emistim”, on the one hand, enhances non-specific immunity of plants, and on the other hand, reduces the harm caused by pesticides and fungicides. Is a natural product of metabolism of symbiotic fungus Acremonium lichenicola, isolated from ginseng roots and contains growth substances cytokinin and gibberellinovoy nature of beta-lactam antibiotics, cyclosporine C, alkaloids from fitoaleksinov activity, hydroxylated isoprenoid.
“Amitim” primarily increases the capacity of the root system.
The plant growth regulator “of Emistim” is perceived by the plant at a very low concentration, by extracellular signals in cells of leaves that include a complex of protective mechanisms, leading to the synthesis of lignin, suberin, callose, resulting in strengthening of the cell wall of plants so that some insects are unable to bite or eat.
“Amitim” is elicitors and increases the treated plants natural immunity by activating induced systemic resistance. In fact “amitim” is a vaccine for plants from all diseases. The result provides the reliable protection of vegetative plants from the complex of diseases caused by fungal, bacterial and viral diseases both during the growing season and the subsequent storage (in the case of potatoes). Such results were obtained in many trials on potatoes, cucumber, tomatoes, cereal crops, Apple and cherry, grapes, peas, Lucerne, technical crops (sugar beet, flax and cotton). “Amitim” increases the yield of mushrooms (oyster mushrooms, champignons, shiitake).
Processing plants should be carried out once a month, three times per season: in may, June and July. For trees, perennial shrubs, vines, and roses it is advisable not to treat the later of the end of July because of the strong growth of shoots may not have time to derevenets and prepare for winter.
The plant growth regulator eliciting steps for dry seed treatment “Ecost 1/3” promotes increase of field germination, crop yield and quality, reduces seed infection and diseases during the growing season. This hydrophobic silicon dioxide with a complex of microelements.
“Ecost 1/3” primarily increases the capacity of the root system.
Vegetable seeds and potato tubers, powdered preparation “Ekost 1/3” remain viable for two to three years, and young plants become resistant to pathogens and stress factors The use of the product allows a 30% reduction in doses of conventional fertilizer.
Treatment by a preparation “Ekost 1/3” withdrawal produces dormant growth buds. Such a need is observed when growing potatoes, including in the summer planting of freshly harvested tubers, Queen carrot and beetroot, gladiolus and other crops, in which tubers, roots and corms have a few sprout buds and you want all of them sprouted.
For seed treatment a powder is poured into a jar or plastic bag then back filled seeds well mixed by shaking for a few minutes. It is advisable to do it in advance for 2-3 days before sowing, it is better for a week, and even better for the year. This alone will give a strong impetus to the seeds, the seedlings will be strong and healthy. The powder sticks to the seeds as much as you need. Excess powder should be removed by sieving the mixture through a tea strainer or other mesh. Otherwise, seeds will be oppressed by excess stimulant. It is very important after treatment to sow seeds in the soil!
The plant growth regulator eliciting actions “Ecost 1ГФ” is analogous to “emitime”. It is a hydrophilic silicon dioxide with a complex of microelements. On the one hand, enhances non-specific immunity of plants, and on the other hand, reduces the harm caused by pesticides and fungicides.
The plant growth regulator “Ecost 1ГФ” is a complex drug, combines the properties of phytohormones, elicitors, that is, immune stimulator and activator of the formation of symbiotic mycorrhizae. And when formed of plant-microbial community, the plant receives all the nutrients in a digestible form, and not experiencing them in deficit. Besides symbiotic microorganisms inhibit their antibiotics pathogens.
Processing plants “Ekostom 1ГФ” enhances the ability of plants to resist environmental factors such as spring frosts, high summer temperatures, drought. Plants become powerful, strong, not sick and the sick recover quickly. Normalizes biochemical processes in the plant, and they develop as would develop if it were not for the negative impact of the external environment. Increases root formation and shoot formation, increasing the survival rate of seedlings, aktiviziruyutsya growth processes.
The contents of the vial are dissolved in a glass of water, stirred for 5 minutes, then the contents of the glass pour in 3 or 10 liters of water, stirred for 5 minutes, then use for spraying leaves (foliar treatment) plants. The remnants of the solution it is necessary to water the roots of plants, it also has a stimulating effect. The solution is prepared immediately before use. The diluted drug must not be stored.
Vegetable and berry crops (tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes, peas, strawberries, etc.), leafy crops, flowers, lawn grass – spraying of plants with the first leaves, then with an interval of 1 month, the working solution flow rate of 3 liters per 100 m2.
Trees (Apple, pear, plum, etc.), bushes (blackcurrant, gooseberry, etc.) and grapes – the spraying of plants with the first leaves, then with an interval of 1 month, the consumption of the working solution of 10 l per 100 m2.
Note: the description of technology by the example of plant growth regulators: Emistim-R, 1/3 Ecost and Ecost 1ГФ. © Photo https://www.pexels.com.