Laser surgical scalpel on the basis of ceramics

Laser surgical scalpel on the basis of ceramics.

 

 

Laser surgical scalpel based on ceramic materials of rare earth elements designed for carrying out surgical operations, as well as for processing (cutting and engraving) composite and polymeric materials.

The technology is awaiting funding!

 

Description

Advantages

Application

 


Description:

Laser surgical scalpel based on ceramic materials of rare earth elements designed for carrying out surgical operations, as well as for processing (cutting and engraving) composite and polymeric materials.

Ceramics is a promising type of medium for lasers. In production it is cheaper and easier than single crystals, which is essential for mass use. In addition, the chemical composition of the ceramics is easy to change. Changing the composition can change the properties of the laser.

Laser surgical scalpel consists of a special ceramic that is basically using compounds of rare earth elements (lutetium oxide with the addition of the thulium ions for laser emission). This alloy compounds of rare-earth elements, it is possible to “pump” energy and force radiate in the infrared range.

Ceramic laser surgical scalpel of lutetium oxide with the addition of thulium ions converts the energy into radiation, creating, in this case infrared radiation. The standard length of a wave of scalpel – about 2 microns, so it can easily operate at a predetermined depth, without damaging the tissue lying below without causing blood coagulation and tissue necrosis.

The laser on the basis of the ceramic materials of the rare earth elements converts the energy into radiation with an efficiency of over 50%, significantly more than other solid-state laser emitters. However, he generates laser radiation at such wavelengths (1966 2064 nanometers) that are best suited for use in medical purposes.

 


Advantages:

– compact,

high efficiency (over 50%) of energy conversion into radiation,

– safe for living tissue, does not cause blood coagulation and tissue necrosis,

high precision.

 

Application:

– in medicine. Radiation is the most common traditional infrared laser has low absorption and penetrates deeply into biological tissue, which leads to coagulation of blood and tissue, as well as to the emergence of significant areas of “dead” tissue. Surgical laser scalpel should work on strictly certain depth, so are used dvuhmetrovye lasers that do not damage the underlying tissue. For this reason, doctors usually used for medical purposes, lasers based on holmium, the cost of which is very high, and the usability of which is relatively small. Ceramic laser surgical scalpel of lutetium oxide with the addition of thulium ions stripped of all his flaws holmium cousins, and it’s much more compact than a traditional medical laser scalpels;

– processing of composite and polymer materials. With a ray of the ceramic laser scalpel can cut and engrave not only body tissues, but also the various polymeric materials that are transparent to conventional infrared laser. This technology, according to him, will find its place in the aircraft industry and other industry that uses a large number of composite materials.

 

The information on the website under “Health”, etc. sections is not intended for self-treatment! You need to go to the doctor! The website is intended for informational purposes regarding domestic breakthrough technologies, inventions, etc.!