GOST 9353-2016 Wheat. Specifications

GOST 9353-2016 Wheat. Specifications

 

GOST 9353-2016

 

 

INTERSTATE STANDARD

WHEAT

Specifications

Wheat. Specifications

 

ISS 67.060

Date of introduction 2018-07-01

 


Preface

Goals, basic principles and main procedure of works on interstate standardization established in GOST 1.0-2015 “interstate standardization system. Basic provisions” and GOST 1.2-2015 “interstate standardization system. Interstate standards, rules and recommendations on interstate standardization. Rules of development, adoption, renewal and cancellation”

 

Data on standard

1 DEVELOPED by the Federal state budgetary scientific institution “all-Russian scientific research Institute of grain and its processed products” (FSBI “VNIIZ”)

2 as AMENDED by the Federal Agency for technical regulation and Metrology

3 ACCEPTED by the Interstate Council for standardization, Metrology and certification (dated July 27, 2016 N 89-P)

The adoption voted:

Short name of the country on MK (ISO 3166) 004-97 Country code
MK (ISO 3166) 004-97
Abbreviated name of the national authority for standardization
Armenia AM Ministry Of Economy Of The Republic Of Armenia
Belarus BY Gosstandart Of The Republic Of Belarus
Kazakhstan KZ Gosstandart Of The Republic Of Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan KG Kyrgyzstandard
Russia EN Rosstandart

4 by Order of the Federal Agency for technical regulation and Metrology from September 15, 2016 N 1133-St inter-state standard GOST 9353-2016 introduced as a national standard of the Russian Federation from July 1, 2018.

5 REPLACE GOST 9353-90

6 REISSUE. February 2019

Information about the changes to this standard is published in the annual reference index “National standards”, and the text changes and amendments – in monthly information index “National standards”. In case of revision (replacement) or cancellation of this standard a notification will be published in the monthly information index “National standards”. Relevant information, notification and lyrics are also posted in the information system of General use – on the official website of the Federal Agency for technical regulation and Metrology on the Internet (www.gost.ru)

 

1 Scope

This standard applies to the soft grain (Triticum aestivum L.) and hard (Triticum durum Desf.) wheat.

 

2 Normative references

This standard uses the regulatory references to the following international standards:

GOST 12.1.004-91 System safety standards. Fire safety. General requirements

GOST 12.1.005-88 standards System of labor safety. General hygiene requirements for working zone air

GOST 12.2.003-91 System safety standards. Equipment production. General safety requirements

12.4.009 GOST-83 System of standards of occupational safety. Fire fighting equipment for protection of objects. Principal. The accommodation and service

GOST 12.4.021-75 System safety standards. System ventilation. General requirements

GOST 10840-64 Grain. Methods of determining the nature

GOST 10846-91 Grain and products of its processing. Method of protein determination

GOST 10940-64 Grain. Methods of determination of the model composition

GOST 10967-90 Grain. Methods for determination of odor and color

GOST 10987-76 Grain. Methods for the determination of glassiness

GOST 13496.20-2014 mixed fodders, mixed fodder raw materials. Method of determining residual amounts of pesticides

GOST 13586.1-2014 Grain. Methods of determination quantity and quality of gluten in wheat

GOST 13586.3-2015 Grain. Rules of acceptance and sampling methods

GOST 13586.4-83 Grain. Methods of determination of infestation and damage by pests

GOST 13586.5-2015 Grain. The method of determining the moisture

GOST 13586.6-93 Grain. Methods of determination of infestation by pests

GOST ISO 21569-2009 food. Methods of analysis for the detection of genetically modified organisms and derived products. Methods of qualitative detection on the basis of the analysis of nucleic acids

GOST ISO 21570-2009 food. Methods of analysis for the detection of genetically modified organisms and derived products. Quantitative methods based on nucleic acid

GOST ISO 21571-2009 food. Methods of analysis for the detection of genetically modified organisms and derived products. Extraction of nucleic acids

GOST 26927-86 Raw materials and food products. Methods for determination of mercury

GOST 26929-94 Raw materials and food products. Sample preparation. Mineralization to determine the content of toxic elements

GOST 26930-86 Raw materials and food products. Method for the determination of arsenic

GOST 26932-86 Raw materials and food products. Methods for determination of lead

GOST 26933-86 Raw materials and food products. Methods for determination of cadmium

GOST 27186-86 Grain zagotavljanje and supply. Terms and definitions

GOST 27676-88 Grain and products of its processing. The method of determining the number of falls

GOST 28001-88 fodder Grain, products of its processing, mixed feeds. Methods for determination of mycotoxins: T-2 toxin, zearalenone f-2 and ochratoxin A

GOST 30178-96 Raw materials and food products. Atomic absorption method for the determination of toxic elements

GOST 30483-97 Grain. Methods of determination of General and fractional content of weed and grain impurities; content of small grains and grain size; content of grains of wheat, damaged by turtle bug; the content of metallomagnetic impurity

GOST 30711-2001 food. Methods for detection and determination of aflatoxins B1 and M1

GOST 31481-2012 Feed, feed raw materials. Method of determining residual amounts of organochlorine pesticides

GOST 31628-2012 food-stuffs and food raw materials. Inversion-voltammetric method for the determination of the mass concentration of arsenic

GOST 31646-2012 Crops. Method of determination of the content of Fusarium affected grains

GOST 31650-2012 medicaments for animals, feed and feed additives. Determination of the mass fraction of mercury by atomic absorption spectrometry

GOST 31653-2012 Feed. Method immunoassay determination of mycotoxins

GOST 31671-2012 (EN 13805:2002) food Products. Determination of trace elements. Sample preparation method of mineralization at elevated pressure

GOST 31691-2012 Grain and products of its processing, mixed feeds. Determination of zearalenone content using high-performance liquid chromatography

GOST 31707-2012 (EN 14627:2005) food Products. Determination of trace elements. Determination of total arsenic and selenium by atomic absorption spectrometry with generation of hybrids with the prior mineralization of the sample under pressure

GOST 31748-2012 (ISO 16050:2003) food. Determination of aflatoxin B1 and total content of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2 in cereals, nuts and products of their processing. Method of high performance liquid chromatography

GOST 32161-2013 food. The method of determining the content of cesium Cs-137

GOST 32163-2013 food. Method of determination of strontium Sr-90

GOST 32164-2013 food. Sampling method for determination of strontium Sr-90 and cesium Cs-137

GOST 32587-2013 Grain and products of its processing, mixed feeds. Determination of ochratoxin A by high performance liquid chromatography

GOST EN 15891-2013 food. Determination of deoxynivalenol in grain products and products corn-based food for infants and young children. HPLC method with the use of immunochromatographic assays purification of the extract column and spectrophotometric detection in the ultraviolet region of the spectrum

Note – When using this standard appropriate to test the effect of reference standards in the information system of General use – on the official website of the Federal Agency for technical regulation and Metrology on the Internet or in the annual information index “National standards” published as on January 1 of the current year, and the editions of the monthly information index for the current year. If the reference standard is replaced (changed), when using the present standard, should be guided by replacing (amended) standard. If the reference standard is cancelled without replacement, then the situation in which the given link applies to the extent that does not affect this link.

 

3 Terms and definitions

This standard applies the terminology according to GOST 27186 and [1].

 

4 Types and subtypes

4.1 Wheat are subdivided into types according to sustainable natural attributes associated with its technological, nutritional and commercial properties, and the subtypes of changing the natural characteristics (grain hardness and color) specified in table 1.

4.2 Wheat containing a mixture of wheat grains over other types of standards established in table 1, it is determined as “mix types”, indicating the composition with percentage.

4.3 Wheat all types and subtypes that meets the requirements of this sub-type of the glassiness, but do not meet the requirements for color, refers to the subtype to which it is responsible for grain hardness.

4.4 Wheat, have lost as a result of adverse conditions of ripening, harvesting or storage, its natural color, defined as “darkened” (in the presence of dark shades) or “bleached” with the number of type and subtype.

Table 1

The number and name of type The content of grains of wheat of other types, %, not more Number subtype Characterization of subtype
just including Color The total vitreousness, %
I – soft spring red 10 5 solid 1 Dark red. Allowed yellow, jeltovaty, discolored and darkened grains in quantities that do not violate primary color At least 75
2 Red. Allowed yellow, jeltovaty, discolored and darkened grains in quantities that do not violate primary color At least 60
3 Light red or yellow-red. Allowed yellow discolored and darkened grains in quantities that do not violate primary color Not less than 40
4 Dominated by yellow and ultamecia grain that gives the whole party a yellow tint Less than 40
II – solid spring 15 10 belozernoe 1 Dark amber. Allowed discolored and powdery grains in amounts that do not violate primary color At least 70
2 Light amber. Allowed discolored and powdery grains in amounts that do not violate primary color Not limited to
III – soft spring belozernoe 10 1 At least 60
2 Less than 60
IV – soft red winter 10 5 solid 1 Dark red. Allowed yellow, jeltovaty, discolored and darkened grains in quantities that do not violate the main color. At least 75
2 Red. Allowed jeltovaty yellow, discolored and darkened grains in quantities that do not violate primary color At least 60
IV – soft red winter 10 5 solid 3 Light red or yellow-red. Allowed yellow, jeltovaty, discolored and darkened grains in quantities that do not violate the main color. Not less than 40
4 Dominated by yellow and ultamecia grain that gives the whole party a yellow tint. Less than 40
V – soft winter belozernoe 10 Not limited to
VI – solid winter 15 Not limited to

 

5 Technical requirements

5.1 Wheat, depending on grain quality is divided into classes in accordance with the requirements specified:

in table 2, for soft wheat,

– table 3 – for hard wheat.

Table 2

Name of the indicator Characteristics and restrictive norm for soft wheat of class
1 2 3 4 5
Type, subtype I and IV types, 1-2 subtypes; type III, subtype 1 and V type. I, III, IV types, subtypes 1-3 and V type. I, III, IV types, all subtypes; V the type and mixture of types
Condition In a healthy, nigrescence condition
Color Peculiar to healthy grain of that type and subtype
Allowed first degree of obespechennosti Allowed first and second discolored-
ness
Allowed any degree bleached-
ness
Allowed any degree bleached-
activities and darkened
The smell Peculiar to healthy grain wheat, no mold, malty, musty and other odors
Mass fraction of protein in terms of dry substance, %, not less* 14,5 13,5 12,0 10,0 Not limited to
The amount of gluten, %, not less 32,0 28,0 23,0 18,0 Not limited to
Gluten quality is not lower: Not limited to
group I II
units IDK 43-77 18-102
Falling number, sec, not less 200 150 80 Not limited to
Vitreousness, %, not less 60 40 Not limited to
Nature, g/l, not less 750 730 710 Not limited to
Humidity, %, not more 14,0
Grain impurity, %, not more: 2,0 5,0
including:
mineral admixture 0,3 1,0
among the mineral admixtures:
pebbles 0,1
spoiled grain** 1,0
cockle 0,5
hard separable impurity (oat, Tatar buckwheat) 2,0 Within the restrictive rules of the total content of weeds
Grain admixture, %, not more 5,0 15,0
* The protein content determined by the buyer’s demand;

** When processing in pasta flour or semolina – not more than 0.2%.

 

Table 3

Name of the indicator Characteristics and restrictive standard for durum wheat class
1 2 3 4 5
Type, subtype II type, 1st and 2nd subtypes; type VI
May be a mixture of types
Wheat of other types, %, not more 10,0 15,0 Not limited to
including belozernoe wheat 2 4 8 10
Condition In a healthy, nigrescence condition
Color Peculiar to healthy grain of that type and subtype
Allowed first degree of obespechennosti Allowed first and second discolored-
ness
Allowed any degree bleached-
ness
Allowed any degree bleached-
activities and darkened
The smell Peculiar to healthy grain wheat, no mold, malty, musty and other odors
Mass fraction of protein, % on dry substance, not less than* 13,5 12,5 11,5 10,0 Not limited to
The amount of gluten, %, not less 28,0 25,0 22,0 18,0 Not limited to
Gluten quality is not lower in group II, ed. IDK 18-102 Not limited to
Falling number, sec, not less 200 200 150 80 Not limited to
Vitreousness, %, not less 85 85 70 Not limited to
Nature, g/l, not less 770 745 710 Not limited to
Humidity, %, not more 14,0
Grain impurity, %, not more 2,0 5,0
including mineral admixture, 0,3 1,0
including:
pebbles 0,1
spoiled grain 0,2
Grain admixture, %, not more 5,0 15,0
Rye, barley (in the aggregate) attributable to grain impurities, %, not more 2,0 4,0 Within the restrictive rules of the total content grain impurity
* The protein content determined by the request of the buyer.

Note – Hard wheat that meets the requirements of classes 4 and 5 in all indicators, except the number and quality of gluten are related to 4 and 5 classes with the addition of the word “grinding”.

5.2 the Content of toxic elements, mycotoxins, benzo(a)pyrene, pesticides, radionuclides, contaminants, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), contamination by pests and contamination of dead insects in wheat must not exceed the admissible levels established in [1] and in the normative legal acts acting on the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

5.3 composition of the primary grain, weed and grain impurities

5.3.1 To the main grain include:

– whole and damaged wheat grains, by the nature of their injuries not related to weed and grain impurities;

– 50% of the mass of broken and corroded grains of wheat, regardless of the nature and size of damage;

– grains and seeds of other cereal and bean crops not classified according to standards on these cultures by the nature of their damages to weed and grain impurities for wheat of class 5.

5.3.2 To trash include:

– the whole passage through a sieve with holes with a diameter of 1.0 mm;

the residue on the sieve with holes with a diameter of 1.0 mm:

a) mineral admixture – lumps of earth, pebbles, particles of slag, ore, etc.;

b) an organic admixture – part of the stems, the stems of the ear, awns, films, pieces of leaves, etc.;

C) seeds of all wild plants;

g) spoiled grains of wheat, rye, barley and spelt with decidedly spoiled endosperm from brown to black in color;

d) harmful impurity, the composition of which is [1];

e) grain and seeds of other cultivated plants, in addition to unspoiled grains rye, barley and spelt for wheat grades 1-4.

f) grains and seeds of other cereal and leguminous crops, classified according to standards on these cultures by the nature of their damages to weed impurity and any oilseeds for wheat of class 5.

5.3.3 To grain impurities include:

– wheat:

a) 50% of the mass of broken and corroded grains regardless of the nature and amount of damage (the remaining 50% of the mass of such grains are referred to the primary grain);

b) pressure;

in) feeler;

g) sprouted – with spilled or released root or sprout or lost root or germ, but the strain clearly changed the color of the shell around the embryo;

d) ice;

e) damaged grain with the changed color of the shells and endosperm from cream to light brown color;

W) inflated during drying;

s) green;

– rye, barley and spelt, whole and damaged, not classified by the nature of their damages to weed impurity for wheat grades 1-4;

– grains and seeds of other cereal and bean crops not classified according to standards on these cultures by the nature of their damages to weed impurity – for wheat of class 5.

5.4 the Class of wheat is determined after post-harvest processing production lines cleaning and drying for all indicators set out in tables 2 and 3, the worst value of one of the indicators.

 

6 security Requirements

6.1 the Warehouses and granaries for the accommodation of wheat must be equipped with ventilation systems according to GOST 12.4.021, meet the fire safety requirements according to GOST 12.1.004, have fire-extinguishing equipment according to GOST 12.4.009.

6.2 Production equipment must meet the safety requirements of GOST 12.2.003.

6.3 dust Content in the air of working zone shall not exceed the permissible values according to GOST 12.1.005.

 

7 acceptance Rules

7.1 Rules of acceptance GOST 13586.3.

7.2 Wheat containing a mixture of grains of other cereals and seeds of legumes more than 15% of the mass of grain, together with impurities, is estimated as a mixture of wheat with other crops indicating its composition in percentages.

7.3 Hard wheat of 2-4 classes that contain wheat of other types more than 15%, assessed as soft wheat 3 and 4 classes depending on the content of gluten.

7.4 checking the content of toxic elements, mycotoxins, benzo(a)pyrene, pesticides, radionuclides, harmful impurities, contamination by pests and contaminated with dead insects, GMO in wheat is carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the manufacturer of the products subject to the requirements of the legislation of the state which has accepted the standard.

7.5 In each lot of grain determine the condition of the grain, the smell, the color, the humidity, the contents of weed and grain impurities, contamination by pests.

7.6 Each lot of grain of wheat must be accompanied by shipping documents in accordance with the requirements of [1] or the normative legal documents in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

 

8 Methods of control

8.1 Sampling – according to GOST 13586.3.

8.2 Determination of odor, color and obespechennosti – GOST 10967.

8.3 Determination of moisture – according to GOST 13586.5.

8.4 determination of the mass fraction of protein – according to GOST 10846.

8.5 the Definition of weed and grain impurities – according to GOST 30483.

8.6 Determination of infestation by pests – according to GOST 13586.4, GOST 13586.6.

8.7 Determination of standard composition – according to GOST 10940.

8.8 the Definition of nature – according to GOST 10840.

8.9 Determination of grain hardness – GOST 10987.

8.10 determination of the quantity and quality of gluten in wheat GOST 13586.1 or regulations applicable in the territory of a state which has accepted the standard.

8.11 determine the number of falling – according to GOST 27676.

8.12 Determination of Fusarium affected grains – according to GOST 31646.

8.13 Determination of mercury – GOST 26927, GOST 31650.

8.14 Determination of arsenic GOST 26930, GOST 31628, GOST 31707.

8.15 Determination of lead GOST 26932 and GOST 30178.

8.16 Determination of cadmium GOST 26933, GOST 30178.

8.17 the Definition of pesticides – according to GOST 13496.20, GOST 31481 or regulations applicable in the territory of a state which has accepted the standard.

8.18 sample Preparation and mineralization to determine the content of toxic elements – according to GOST 26929, GOST 31671.

8.19 Determination of mycotoxins – GOST 31653 and

– aflatoxin B1 – GOST 30711, GOST 31748;

– deoxynivalenol – GOST EN 15891;

T – 2 toxin – GOST 28001 and regulatory instruments in force in the territory of States that have adopted the standard;

– zearalenone – GOST 31691;

– ochratoxin A – 32587 according to GOST, GOST 28001 and regulations applicable in the territory of a state which has accepted the standard.

8.20 Determination of benzo(a)pyrene – according to the normative documents in force in the territory of a state which has accepted the standard.

8.21 Sampling for the determination of radionuclides – GOST 32164.

8.22 Determination of radionuclides – 32161 according to GOST, GOST 32163.

8.23 the Definition of GMO according to GOST ISO 21569, GOST, ISO 21570, GOST ISO 21571 or regulations applicable in the territory of a state which has accepted the standard.

 

9 Transportation and storage

9.1 Wheat post transporterowych and stored in a clean, dry, free from foreign smell, not infected by pests, vehicles and silos in accordance with the sanitary rules and norms approved in the established order and rules of transportation applicable to transportation of this species.

9.2 When placing, transportation and storage take into account the state of the wheat shown in table 4.

Table 4

The condition of wheat The norm for wheat, %
spring winter
Humidity
Dry Not more than 14.0 Not more than 14.0
Medium dry 14,1-15,5 14,1-15,5
Wet 15,6-17,0 15,6-17,0
Raw 17,1 and more 17,1 and more
In the trash
Clean Not more than 1.0 Not more than 1.0
The average purity 1,1-3,0 1,1-3,0
Weed 3.1 and more 3.1 and more
For grain impurities
Clean Not more than 1.0 Not more than 2.0
The average purity 1,1-5,0 2,1-7,0
Weed 5.1 and more 7.1 and more

9.3 during storage, carry out systematic monitoring of the quality and condition of wheat grain. Monitor grain temperature, moisture, contamination, color, odor and other indicators according to [2] and other regulatory documents in force in the territory of a state which has accepted the standard.

9.4 the expiry date of the products set by the manufacturer according to the regulations applicable on the territory of States that have adopted the standard.

 

Bibliography

[1] Technical regulations of the Customs Union TR CU 015/2011 “On grain safety”
[2] Manual N 9-7-88 for the storage of grain, oilseeds, flour and groats, approved by Order of the Ministry of bread products of the USSR of 24 June 1988, No. 185

 

... © 2018