Electrochemical activation as a disinfection technology in water treatment, food industry, medicine, etc.
Electrochemical activation as a disinfection technology in water treatment, food industry, medicine etc. features high efficiency, ease of use and environmental friendliness.
Electrochemical activation is the process of transfer of liquids in the metastable (activated) state when the electrochemical effects.
This term was introduced into science by academician of the Russian Academy of medical and technical Sciences V. M. Bahir.
The starting material in the processes of electrochemical activation are diluted aqueous-saline solutions, fresh or low-mineralized water, i.e. liquids of low electric conductivity. The final product of electrochemical activation are not concentrated chemical substances, but activated solutions, i.e. low-mineralized liquids in the metastable (activated) state.
Electrochemical activation is carried out by cathodic and anodic electrochemical treatment of water in a diaphragm electrochemical reactor with two types of electrodes (anode and cathode). The diaphragm of porous dielectric partition between the electrodes of the reactor prevents mixing of water volumes (of solutions) in the anode and cathode electrode chambers.
The purpose electrochemical activation – giving water of the required functional properties before use, including catalytic and biocatalytic activity.
In the result of electrochemical activation water enters an activated state, displaying for several tens of hours increased reactivity in different physical-chemical processes. The water activated at the cathode (catholyte) has a high activity of electrons and has pronounced reductant properties. Accordingly, the water activated at the anode (anolyte) is characterized by reduced activity of the electron exhibits the properties of the oxidant.
Activated solutions used in the processes of purification and disinfection of water and for converting water or dilute solutions of electrolytes in organic anti-microbial, washing, extracting and other functionally useful solutions, including medical.
For the electrochemical transformation of water and contained solutes produced electrochemical reactors.
– high efficiency anti-microbial treatment with activated solutions
– complete removal of bacteria, viruses, fungi and spores from the surface, air, liquids, or finished product (including food),
– activated solution does not cause resistance of bacteria and requires no rotation with other disinfectants
– environmental clean technologies
– the economy. Reducing the use of chemical reagents typical of traditional technologies.
– safety of funds – activated solution in contact with the finished product, including food.
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