Condensate the Bose-Einstein state of matter, which is based on the bosons cooled to temperatures close to absolute zero, and manifesting its quantum effects at the macroscopic level.
Condensate Bose-Einstein – state of matter, which is based on the bosons cooled to temperatures close to absolute zero (less than ppm Kelvin). Bosons are, for example, and elementary particles – photons, whole atoms.
Cooling of atoms — bosons to very low temperatures causes them to go (or, in other words, to condense) in the lowest possible quantum (energy) state.
In such a strongly cooled state, a sufficiently large number of atoms is (in other words, condenseries) in their lowest possible quantum state. The result of such condensation of bosons becomes the emergence of a new form of matter, which is in the same quantum state and exhibits new properties due to the wave nature of particles. In this matter quantum effects (quantum Hall effect, Zeno, Schottky, etc.) begin to manifest at a macroscopic level.
Currently, the obtained condensates Bose-Einstein photons, atoms: 7Li, 23Na, 39K, 41K, 85Rb, 87Rb, 133Cs, 52Cr, 40Ca, 84Sr, 86Sr, 88Sr, 174Yb, 164Dy and 168Er.
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